The UK’s departure from the EU will see the UK develop a new immigration system. This will mean the end of freedom of movement between the EU and UK, and a new system by which people can apply to live and work in the UK.
When freedom of movement ends on 31st December 2020, this new system will apply to EU nationals as well as non-EU nationals (with the exception of Irish citizens who will retain their right to live and work in the UK through the Common Travel Area).
EU citizens resident in the UK before the end of the transition will be eligible for the EU Settlement Scheme, as will EEA and Swiss nationals. The below information on EU citizens and the EU Settlement scheme also applies in the same way to EEA and Swiss nationals unless otherwise stated.
Immigration into the UK from 2021
The UK will be introducing a points-based immigration system from 2021. This is discussed in more detail below.
There will be no change to the rights and status of EU citizens currently living in the UK until 30 June 2021. EU citizens and their families can apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to continue living in the UK, and there is no cost to this.
The government has decided not to immediately accept any of the recommendations put forward by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) report in September 2020 regarding the Shortage Occupation List. This may be reviewed once the points-based system has been established.