There will be immediate rule changes for the transport of goods into the EU, regardless of any Free Trade Agreement. Further changes will be implemented more gradually until at least July 2025.
Without proper preparation, the introduction of these new rules has significant potential to cause delay and disruption, especially at Channel crossings. The UK has announced contingency plans to control traffic flows into Kent and other measures aimed at ensuring that all necessary documentation is completed before journeys commence.
Port of Dover: doverport.co.uk/port/about/brexit-be-prepared
Eurostar latest service information: twitter.com/eurostaruk
Portsmouth International Port: portsmouth-port.co.uk/news/exiting-the-eu