1. What are the changes for import to GB from an EU country?

There are new rules for importing animal products, live animals, ABPs, and germinal products into England, Scotland, and Wales from the EU from 1 January 2021.

Animal Products: POAO and ABPs

From 1 October 2021 Products of Animal Origin (POAO), certain animal by-products (ABPs) and High Risk Food Not of Animal Origin (HRFNAO) imported from the EU need to be pre-notified via IPAFFS and require an Export Health Certificate. You must use IPAFFS to pre-notify the arrival of POAO and high-risk ABPs.

The latest change is a relaxing of the 24 pre-notification period – on a self-application basis – and this also makes it clear that imports can come in through any port or airport and do not have to enter via a Border Control Post, until 31 December, when entry via a BCP and risk-based physical inspections will start.

Physical SPS checks and inspections for POAO, certain ABP and HRFNAO therefore, will come into force on 1 January 2022 and take place at authorised Border Control Posts (BCP).

ABPs are in either high-risk or low-risk categories. Find out what products are in the different ABP categories.

Most ABPs will continue to be accompanied by commercial documentation when you import them from the EU.

Live animals and germinal products

From 1 January 2021, live animals, including equines and germinal products imported from the EU, will be subject to new import controls.

Goods must be:

  • accompanied by an Export Health Certificate (EHC)
  • pre-notified by the importer using IPAFFS

APHA will carry out identity and physical checks on imports of live animals from the EU at their destination, based on a risk assessment until 1 March 2022, when checks will move to an authorised BCP.

Plants and Plant Products

From 1 January 2021 imports from the EU of high priority plants and plant products (which includes plants for planting, seed and ware potatoes, some seed, and used agricultural machinery) will require Phytosanitary Certificates and pre-notification via the PEACH IT system (a new IT system is due to replace PEACH late in 2021). Pre-notifications must be made at least 4 working hours before arrival for goods arriving by Ro-Ro ports and air freight, and one working day for all other forms of freight. These goods will also be subject to documentary, identity and physical inspections, which will take place at an authorised Place of Destination (which could be the business site) until 1 January 2022, when they will move to a BCP. Inspection fees came into force on 1 June 2021.

Imports from the EU of regulated plants and plant products (which includes most fruit, vegetables, cut flowers, and seed) will require prenotification and Phytosanitary Certificate from 1 January 2022. Prenotifications will be made via the new IT systems which will replace PEACH late in 2021. If there is sufficient BCP capacity, these goods will be subject to physical inspections at an appropriate BCP from 1 March 2022.

Find out more on importing plants and plant products from the EU here.